What is the Flipped Classroom?

The flipped classroom refers to a model of learning that rearranges how time is spent both in and out of class to shift the ownership of learning from the educators to the students. In the flipped classroom model, valuable class time is devoted to more active, project-based learning where students work together to solve local or global challenges — or other real-world applications — to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Rather than the instructor using class time to dispense information, that work is done by each student after class, and could take the form of watching video lectures, listening to podcasts, perusing enhanced e-book content, or collaborating with peers in online communities. Students access the online tools and resources any time they need them. Faculty can then devote more time to interacting with each individual. After class, students manage the content they use, the pace and style of learning, and the ways in which they demonstrate their knowledge; the instructor adapts instructional and collaborative approaches to suit their learning needs and personal learning journeys. The goal is for students to learn more authentically by doing. The flipped classroom model is part of a larger pedagogical movement that overlaps with blended learning, inquiry-based learning, and other instructional approaches and tools that are meant to be flexible, active, and more engaging for students.

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • The Flipped Classroom itself is problematic. Taking a lecture and putting it online is still a lecture. Teachers have been assigning homework for centuries for discussion in class. This is not a new practice. But as a Trojan mouse to, for example, inquiry-based learning, the flipped classroom can open conversations.- cpaterso cpaterso Feb 6, 2015 agree- gillysalmon gillysalmon Feb 27, 2015

  • I tend to agree with the point made above. Until such time as the 'flipped' approach moves away from the notion that content should be broadcast, the flipped classroom will not be as effective as it could be. Once we move from broadcast to something that resembles a curation model, then I think that this approach will come close to matching the hype around it. - jason.lodge jason.lodge Feb 26, 2015 also agree lol
  • Maybe this approach should be seen more as flipping the teacher rather than the classroom? At the moment teachers still see flipping in terms of what the student does rather than what they do. Maybe a change in terminology to make it clear that it is the teacher who has "flipped" rather than the classroom, content or student?- geoffrey.crisp geoffrey.crisp Feb 27, 2015
  • Perhaps Flipped Classroom as such is a misnomer - if the teacher (regardless of sector) focuses on out of "class" work (aka homework) being preparation for class and understands how to encourage students to explore a topic before class time, bring information to discuss/'unpack" and uses these activities to scaffold rich classroom activities, they will not rely on students watching "lectures" or videos etc. The relevance is that when students come to class, particularly in the tertiary sector, where class time is minimal, educators have the opportunity to make this time incredibly rich and meaningful. Perhaps much of the focus currently is on the homework side of "Flipped Learning" but needs to be more on class time and how to make this more meaningful - I'm not sure this is always happening...- annieagnew annieagnew Mar 1, 2015
  • This allows class time t be used for activities that are ore collaborative and engaging. Though there can be problems as indicated above, there are many examples where this is used to good effect.

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • The conversation can be about more than just flipping the classroom, it can be about inverting the paradigm of teaching away from teachers imparting knowledge towards a model of teaching more as coaching, who carefully observe students (As Reggio teachers have always done).- cpaterso cpaterso Feb 6, 2015...so good ;)- gillysalmon gillysalmon Feb 27, 2015
  • A more sophisticated conceptualisation which recognises the complexity of learning and teaching will position the flipped classroom as a component of that conceptualisation. For example, students will engage in ways which enable them to revise, replay and review course materials and content which then positions the flipped classroom as part of a wider suite of pedagogical approaches.- glenn.finger glenn.finger Feb 17, 2015

  • I agree with Glenn above, we need a more sophisticated view of the nuances of what a flipped approach means for different disciplines and depth of knowledge. There are many contextual and epistemological questions that need to be addressed before the potential of the flipped classroom can be realised widely. - jason.lodge jason.lodge Feb 26, 2015 but also a way of scaling up flipping academics - gillysalmon gillysalmon Feb 27, 2015

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?

  • The potential impact is to shift from passive and active learning, where the learning process is more visible and collaborative.- cpaterso cpaterso Feb 6, 2015
  • I agree with the probability of a more active learning approach, but situated within a design n that acknowledges that students can engage in learning in synchronous, asynchronous and polysynchronous ways.- glenn.finger glenn.finger Feb 17, 2015
  • While flipped classrooms can replicate the didactic process of a traditional lecture, time and format shifting to video or microvideo, it can also facilitate other approaches such as socratic teaching http://wp.vcu.edu/mehenderson/2013/05/10/using-the-socratic-method-in-a-flipped-classroom/ that have long relied on students preparing deeply for face to face sessions - j.zagami j.zagami Feb 22, 2015

  • The points above capture the potential impact of this approach nicely. - jason.lodge jason.lodge Feb 26, 2015

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • carpe diem results in 'natural' flipping gillysalmon/carpe-diem - gillysalmon gillysalmon Feb 27, 2015
  • I was doing this years ago. Students would learn the 20 golden facts about a particular topic before coming to class (not through a recorded lecture but through a series of activities designed to engage them). Class time was used for collaborative activities, debates and so on. - helen.farley helen.farley Mar 4, 2015
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